Who’s Who?

After having a child with special needs, you will find yourself learning a lot more about the medical field than you have ever imagined. It can be very confusing. Often times you need to see a specialist, but which one? Here is a quick guide that we hope helps to take out some of that confusion:

  • Allergy – Specializing in treatment of allergies. Allergies are a hypersensitivity disorder of the immune system – usually triggered by an environmental substance.
  • Anesthesia – Specializing in sedation, usually in an operating setting.
  • Cardiology – Specializing in the heart and all things related to the cardiovascular system.
  • Cardiothoracic Surgery – Surgery that specializes in heart and cardiovascular related procedures.
  • Dentistry- specialized in prevention, treatment, and diagnosis of diseases and conditions related to the oral cavity (mouth)
  • Dermatology – Specializes in skin
  • Emergency Medicine – Usually found in the ER
  • Endocrinology- Specializing in the endocrine system, related to hormones (often the thyroid or other glands)
  • Gastroenterology- Specializing in the gastrointestinal tract (digestive tract).
  • Genetics- Specializing in genetic markers, diseases, and conditions
  • Hematology – Specializing in blood related issues
  • Immunology- Specializing in the immune system
  • Infectious Disease- Specialize in hard to diagnosis infections.
  • Neonatal ICU (Intensivist)- Usually found in NICU and similar units in hospitals
  • Neonatology- Specializing in neonates (babies)
  • Nephrology- Specializes in Kidneys
  • Neurology- Specializing in the brain
  • Neurosurgery- Surgeon that specializes in brain surgeries
  • Oncology- Specializes in diagnosis, treatment and prevention of cancer
  • Ophthalmology- Specializes in the eyes (can do surgery)
  • Optometry- Specializes in the eyes (cannot do surgery)
  • Oral and Maxi Facial- Surgical specialist for diseases, injuries and defects in the head, neck, face, jaws and the hard and soft tissues of the head and face, part of the dental branch
  • Orthodontics- Additional dental training for aligning teeth and jaw
  • Otolaryngology- All things ear, nose and throat related. Also called ENT
  • Palliative- Specializes in relief from the symptoms, pain, and stress of serious illness
  • Pathology- Specializes in the body’s response to and repairing of injury to cells and tissue
  • Pediatric ICU (Intensivist)- Usually found in PICU and similar units in hospitals
  • Pediatrician- Primary care, specializing in children and babies
  • Podiatrist-Specializes in feet
  • Physical Rehab- Specializes in restoring functional ability and quality of life to patients with physical impairments or disabilities
  • Plastic Surgery- Specializes in correction and restoration of form and function. Not just cosmetic, also reconstructive, hand, burns, cleft, and much more.
  • Psychiatry- Specializes in emotional and psychology disorders, may provide chemical intervention
  • Psychology- Specializes in emotional and psychology disorders, may not provide chemical intervention
  • Pulmonary- Specializes in the respiratory system (breathing)
  • Radiology- Specializes in imaging
  • Rheumatology- Specializes in joints, muscles and bones
  • Urology- Specializes in urinary tracts, and male reproductive systems

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